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ナノ化学

チャールズ・リーバー Charles M. Lieber

チャールズ・M・リーバー (Charles M. Lieber、1959年4月9日- 米国フィラデルフィア生まれ)は、アメリカの化学者である(写真:Lieber Research Group)。米ハーバード大学教授。

経歴

1981 Franklin and Marshall College卒業
1985 Stanford University博士課程修了
1985 California Institute of Technology博士研究員
1987 コロンビア大学 助教授
1990 コロンビア大学 准教授
1991 ハーバード大学教授
1991 Mark Hyman Professor of Chemistry, Harvard University
2015-現在 Chair, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University
2017-現在 Joshua and Beth Friedman University Professor, Harvard University

受賞歴

1981 Theodore Saulnier Research Award
1981 American Institute of Chemists Distinguished Senior Award
1990 Wilson Prize
1992 Denkewalter Prize, Loyola University Chicago
1992 ACS Award in pure chemistry
1995 Leo Hendrik Baekeland Award, American Chemical Society
1996 NSF Creativity Award
2001 Foresight Institute Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology
2001 Feynman Prize
2002 MRS Medal
2002 Harrison Howe Award, University of Rochester
2003APS McGroddy Prize for New Materials
2004 ACS Award in the Chemistry of Materials
2008 Einstein Award, Chinese Academy of Sciences
2008 National Institutes of Health’s Pioneer Award
2009 Inorganic Nanoscience Award, ACS Division of Inorganic Chemistry
2012 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
2013 Willard Gibbs Medal
2013 IEEE Nanotechnology Pioneer Award
2016 Remsen Award
2016 Von Hippel Award

 

研究

ナノ導線(Nanowire)の各種応用。

 

コメント&その他

  • トムソンISI社2007年度の調査によれば、化学領域での論文引用数は世界第11位となっています。トムソン社による2008年ノーベル化学賞候補として名前が挙がりました。
  • 400以上の学術論文を出版(2017年7月現在)

関連文献

  • C.M. Lieber, C.M. Gronet and N.S. Lewis, “Evidence against surface state limitations on efficiency of p-Si/CH3CN junctions,” Nature 307, 533-534 (1984).
  • X.L. Wu, P. Zhou and C.M. Lieber, “Surface electronic properties probed with tunneling microscopy and chemical doping,” Nature 335, 55-57 (1988).
  • X.L. Wu and C.M. Lieber, “Hexagonal domain-like charge density wave phase of TaS2 determined by scanning tunneling microscopy,” Science 243, 1703-1705 (1989).
  • X.L. Wu, Z. Zhang, Y.L. Wang and C.M. Lieber, “Structural and electronic role of lead in (PbBi)2 Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductors by STM,” Science 248, 1211-1214 (1990).
  • S.P. Kelty, C.C. Chen and C.M. Lieber, “Superconductivity at 30 K in caesium-doped C60,” Nature 352, 223 (1991).
  • C.C. Chen, S.P. Kelty and C.M. Lieber, “(RbxK1-x)C60 Superconductors: formation of a continuous series of solid solutions,” Science 253, 886 (1991).
  • Z. Zhang, C.C. Chen, S.P. Kelty, H. Dai and C.M. Lieber, “The superconducting energy gap of Rb3C60,” Nature 353, 333 (1991).
  • Z. Zhang, C.-C. Chen and C.M. Lieber, “Tunneling spectroscopy of M3C60 superconductors: The energy gap, strong coupling, and superconductivity,” Science 254, 1619-1621 (1991).
  • Y. Kim and C.M. Lieber, “Machining oxide thin-films with an atomic force microscope: pattern and object formation on the nanometer scale,” Science 257, 375-377 (1992).
  • C. Niu, Y.Z. Lu and C.M. Lieber, “Experimental realization of the covalent solid carbon nitride,” Science 261, 334 (1993).
  • S. Yoon, H. Dai, J. Liu and C.M. Lieber, “Surface pinning as a determinant of the bulk flux-Line lattice structure in copper oxide superconductors,” Science 265, 215 (1994).
  • H. Dai, S. Yoon, J. Liu, R.C. Budhani and C.M. Lieber, “Simultaneous observation of columnar defects and magnetic flux lines in high-temperature Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 superconductors,” Science 265, 1552-1555 (1994).
  • C.D. Frisbie, L.F. Rozsnyai, A. Noy, M.S. Wrighton and C.M. Lieber, “Functional group imaging by chemical force microscopy,” Science 265, 2071-2074 (1994).
  • Z. Yao, S. Yoon, H. Dai, S. Fan and C.M. Lieber, “Path of magnetic flux-lines through high-Tc copper oxide superconductors,” Nature 371, 777-779 (1994).
  • H. Dai, E.W. Wong, Y.Z. Lu, S. Fan and C.M. Lieber, “Synthesis and characterization of carbide nanorods,” Nature 375, 769-772 (1995).
  • S. Yoon, Z. Yao, H. Dai and C.M. Lieber, “Elastic properties of flux-line arrays in high-Tc superconductors probed by two-sided decoration,” Science 270, 270-73 (1995).
  • H. Dai, E.W. Wong and C.M. Lieber, “Probing electrical transport in nanomaterials: Conductivity of individual carbon nanotubes,” Science 272, 523-526 (1996).
  • P.E. Sheehan and C.M. Lieber, “Nanotribology and nanofabrication of MoO3 structures by force microscopy,” Science 272, 1158-61 (1996).
  • P. Yang and C.M. Lieber, “Nanorod-superconductor composites: A pathway to high critical current density materials,” Science 273, 1836-1840 (1996).
  • J. Zhang, J. Liu, J.L. Huang, P. Kim and C.M. Lieber, “Creation of nanocrystals through a solid-solid phase transition induced by an STM tip,” Science 274, 757-760 (1996).
  • C.M. Lieber and P. Yang, “High-temperature superconductors,” Science 277, 1909-1910 (1997).
  • E.W. Wong, P.E. Sheehan and C.M. Lieber, “Nanobeam mechanics: Elasticity, strength and toughness of nanorods and nanotubes,” Science 277, 1971-1975 (1997).
  • T. W. Odom, J.L. Huang, P. Kim and C.M. Lieber, “Atomic structure and electronic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Nature 391, 62-64 (1998).
  • A.M. Morales and C.M. Lieber, “A laser ablation method for the synthesis of crystalline semiconductor nanowires,” Science 279, 208-211 (1998).
  • S.S. Wong, E. Joselevich, A.T. Woolley, C.L. Cheung and C.M. Lieber, “Covalently functionalized nanotubes as nanometer probes for chemistry and biology,” Nature 394, 52-55 (1998).
  • J.H. Hafner, C.L. Cheung and C.M. Lieber, “Growth of nanotubes for probe microscopy tips,” Nature 398, 761-762 (1999).
  • J. Hu, M. Ouyang, P. Yang and C.M. Lieber, “Controlled growth and electrical properties of heterojunctions of carbon nanotubes and silicon nanowires,” Nature 399, 48-51 (1999).
  • A. Yazdani and C.M. Lieber, “Up close and personal to atoms,” Nature 401, 227-230 (1999).
  • P. Kim and C.M. Lieber, “Nanotube nanotweezers,” Science 286, 2148 – 2150 (1999).
  • T. Rueckes, K. Kim, E. Joselevich, G.Y. Tseng, C.L. Cheung and C.M. Lieber, “Carbon nanotube-based nonvolatile random access memory for molecular computing,” Science 289, 94-97 (2000).
  • T.W. Odom, J.L. Huang, C.L. Cheung and C.M. Lieber, “Magnetic clusters on single-walled carbon nanotubes: The Kondo effect in a one-dimensional host,” Science 290, 1549-1552 (2000).
  • X. Duan, Y. Huang, Y. Cui, J. Wang and C.M. Lieber, “Indium phosphide nanowires as building blocks for nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices,” Nature 409, 66-69 (2001).
  • M. Ouyang, J.L. Huang, C.L. Cheung and C.M. Lieber, “Atomically resolved single-walled carbon nanotube intramolecular junctions,” Science 291, 97-100 (2001).
  • M. Bockrath, W. Liang, D. Bozovic, J.H. Hafner, C.M. Lieber, M. Tinkham and H. Park, “Resonant electron scattering by defects in single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science 291, 283-285 (2001).
  • Y. Huang, X. Duan, Q. Wei and C.M. Lieber, “Directed assembly of one-dimensional nanostructures into functional networks,” Science 291, 630-633 (2001).
  • Y. Cui and C.M. Lieber, “Functional nanoscale electronic devices assembled using silicon nanowire building blocks,” Science 291, 851-853 (2001).
  • M. Ouyang, J.L. Huang, C.L. Cheung and C.M. Lieber, “Energy gaps in “metallic” single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Science 292, 702-705 (2001).
  • Y. Cui, Q. Wei, H. Park and C.M. Lieber, “Nanowire nanosensors for highly sensitive and selective detection of biological and chemical species,” Science 293, 1289-1292 (2001).
  • J. Wang, M.S. Gudiksen, X. Duan, Y. Cui and C.M. Lieber, “Highly polarized photoluminescence and photodetection from single indium phosphide nanowires,” Science 293, 1455-1457 (2001).
  • Y. Huang, X. Duan, Y. Cui, L. Lauhon, K. Kim and C.M. Lieber, “Logic gates and computation from assembled nanowire building blocks,” Science 294, 1313-1317 (2001).
  • M.S. Gudiksen, L.J. Lauhon, J. Wang, D. Smith and C.M. Lieber, “Growth of nanowire superlattice structures for nanoscale photonics and electronics,” Nature 415, 617-620 (2002).
  • L.J. Lauhon, M.S. Gudiksen, D. Wang and C.M. Lieber, “Epitaxial core-shell and core-multi-shell nanowire heterostructures,” Nature 420, 57-61 (2002).
  • X. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal and C.M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature 421, 241-245 (2003).
  • Z. Zhong, D. Wang, Y. Cui, M.W. Bockrath and C.M. Lieber, “Nanowire crossbar arrays as address decoders for integrated nanosystems,” Science 302, 1377-1379 (2003).
  • Y. Wu, J. Xiang, C. Yang, W. Lu and C.M. Lieber, “Single-crystal metallic nanowires and metal/semiconductor nanowire heterostructures,” Nature 430, 61-65 (2004).
  • R.S. Friedman, M.C. McAlpine, D.S. Ricketts, D. Ham and C.M. Lieber, “High-speed integrated nanowire circuits,” Nature 434, 1085 (2005).
  • C. Yang, Z. Zhong and C.M. Lieber, “Encoding electronic properties by synthesis of axial modulation doped silicon nanowires,” Science 310, 1304-1307 (2005).
  • J. Xiang, W. Lu, Y. Hu, Y. Wu, H. Yan and C.M. Lieber, “Ge/Si nanowire heterostructures as high-performance field-effect transistors,” Nature 441, 489-493 (2006).
  • F. Patolsky, B.P. Timko, G. Yu, Y. Fang, A.B. Greytak, G. Zheng and C.M. Lieber, “Detection, stimulation, and inhibition of neuronal signals with high-density nanowire transistor arrays,” Science 313, 1100-1104 (2006).
  • B. Tian, T. Cohen-Karni, Q. Qing, X. Duan, P. Xie and C.M. Lieber, “Three-dimensional, flexible nanoscale field effect transistors as localized bioprobes,” Science 329, 831-834 (2010).
  • H. Yan, H.S. Choe, S.W. Nam, Y. Hu, S. Das, J.F. Klemic, J.C. Ellenbogen and C.M. Lieber, “Programmable nanowire circuits for nanoprocessors,” Nature 470, 240-244 (2011).

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博士(薬学)。Chem-Station副代表。現在国立大学教員として勤務中。専門は有機合成化学、主に触媒開発研究。 関心ある学問領域は三つ。すなわち、世界を創造する化学、世界を拡張させる情報科学、世界を世界たらしめる認知科学。 素晴らしければ何でも良い。どうでも良いことは心底どうでも良い。興味・趣味は様々だが、そのほとんどがメジャー地位を獲得してなさそうなのは仕様。

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